Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Explained 


What is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy ?

Cognitive behavioural therapy, also known as CBT or cognitive behaviour therapy, is a structured form of talking therapy which over recent years medical research studies have found that cognitive behavioural therapy has proved to be one of the most effective therapy in treating many emotional and psychological problems. Because of this CBT is recognised as "evidence based psychology", as in a high percent of cases the client based therapy techniques have been proved to be very effective by research evidence. CBT deals with the emotions, behaviour, thoughts and beliefs that are the root cause of emotional and psychological issues. What sets it apart from many other counselling approaches is the way that cognitive behavioural therapy teaches clients practical techniques to deal with whatever problems that are unique to them. Some examples of these cognitive behavioural therapy techniques include; desensitisation training, mindfulness techniques, relaxation therapy, challenging and replacing negative thoughts and beliefs, using a daily mood log, learning problem solving skills, etc.

How many CBT sessions ?

Cognitive behavioural therapy has an important advantage over many talking therapies in that it tends to be short term, with many clients overcoming their particular problem or seeing great improvement in six to ten hours of therapy usually weekly or fortnightly. However CBT sessions with the therapist may take longer dependant on the severity of the problem and if there is more than one issue to deal with. The therapy sessions last between fifty minutes to an hour, consisting of the cognitive behavioural therapist and client working as one to get an understanding of the presenting problem and to develop new ways for working on them. CBT teaches the client a series of strategies, techniques and principles that they can use in everyday living which they continue to use in the future.

Is homework important for CBT ?

It has been proven that clients who are motivated and committed to carry out homework tasks outside of CBT therapy sessions with the therapist seem to get the best results out of cognitive behavioural therapy. An example would be a client with low self worth who assumes family and friends don't think much of him without checking out if this where true. Without trying out CBT techniques to check if this where true he would stay unhappy with his negative view of himself and not move on with his life. Cognitive behavioural therapy is very effective in helping the to client become "unstuck" from outdated, irrational, negative ways of thinking and acting about themselves, others and life in general.

Will cognitive behavioural therapy help you ?

Clients who have a good idea of what problem or problems they specifically want to work on in sessions with the cognitive behavioural therapist are more suited for CBT, as it is a structured, problem solving approach. It may be less suitable for the client who has general feelings of being unhappy. Cognitive behavioural therapy can be an effective treatment for; depression, anxiety, low self confidence, OCD, redundancy, phobias, eating disorders, anxiety management, self esteem issues, stress management, smoking cessation, work related illness, alcohol abuse, drug abuse, relationship issues, sexual problems, assertiveness training, sleep problems, anger management, panic attacks and many more issues.




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